Research shows lack of Dyscalculia Awereness and screening

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Dr Kinga Morsanyi and the team from the School of Psychology studied the mathematics performance of 2,421 primary school children over a number of school years.

The researchers said they expected the number of pupils with dyscalculia to be similar to those with dyslexia, however from the children studied, 108 children had received an official diagnosis of dyslexia, but just one child had officially been diagnosed with dyscalculia.

Based on the results of the study, the researchers found 112 children who are likely to have the condition.

Dr Morsanyi said: “In society, there is sadly a widespread notion that you need a special talent to be good at maths, and that struggling with maths is normal for some people, but this is not the case and it’s not something we would accept if a pupil was unable to read.”

The study, which was funded by The Nuffield Foundation, found that in almost all cases children who appear to have dyscalculia are not being diagnosed.

Read all about it: HERE

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Parental involvement in Math education

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Research shows time and again that parental support and involvement is crucial with children’s math education. To ensure they understand that Math is not just something in class with the teacher but that you’ll use it in real life, parents play a role.

From the UK in the link for today a parental toolkit.

Read all about it: HERE

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Diagnose or not, that’s the question

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

The website in the link for today is asking your input and story on whether or not to have a diagnose or not. Our view is clear, YES but participate and tell them your story.

Read all about it: HERE

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Using finger counting is not all bad

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

See what Jo Boaler has to say about it:

Stopping students from using their fingers when they count could, according to the new brain research, be akin to halting their mathematical development. Fingers are probably one of our most useful visual aids, and the finger area of our brain is used well into adulthood. The need for and importance of finger perception could even be the reason that pianists, and other musicians, often display higher mathematical understanding than people who don’t learn a musical instrument.

Read all about it: HERE

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Screen all learning disabilities at once in half an hour?

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Doctors from Indian Academy for Pediatrics (IAP) have come up with Tamilnadu Dyslexia Screening Tool (TSDS), aquestionnaire, which they claim could help diagnose three types of learning difficulties – dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia – among children within half-an-hour.

Read all about it: HERE

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Memorization vs Automaticity

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

We’ve all heard it before; kids don’t know their math facts! While this may be true for some students, what is more important than simply memorizing multiplication facts is building a conceptual understanding of what multiplication means, how to visualize multiplication and eventually, helping students to generate their own algorithms for multiplication BEFORE they encounter any standard algorithms.

Read all about it: HERE

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great news: Coffee and Math performance

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

A new study led by the researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology not only highlights the hidden force of scent of coffee and the cognitive boost it may provide on analytical tasks, but also the expectation that students will perform better on those tasks.

Read all about it: HERE

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It’s all about the teacher

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

It is not only that a teacher needs to be knowledge about math to do a good job. There is now also evidence that the way the teacher themselves feel about math has an impact on the children and how well they will do.

Read all about it: HERE

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That growth mindset really works.

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

See the message from Jo Boaler about a study they did to prove that when teachers work on changing children’s mindset the kids DO make more progress than their control group. This is just another piece of evidence that teachers would do well to work on the mindset for great results.

Read all about it: HERE

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It is confirmed, dyscalculics have a order processing problem

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

A brand new study has confirmed the hypothesis that individuals with dyscalculia have an order processing deficit. The ordering measures included both numerical and non-numerical ordering tasks, and ordering of both familiar and novel sequences was assessed.

Read all about it: HERE

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Is the growth mindset significant?

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Read how the debate flows about the improvements due to the growth mindset. All agree that improvements are made but although they are statistically significant, are they really important?

Read all about it: HERE

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Dyscalculia and Alzheimer’s

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Research into problems with mathematics in patients with Alzheimer’s

Dyscalculia is an early sign of AD. It should be included among the reliable clinical hallmarks for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease. Identification of dyscalculic symptoms in these patients requires composite assessment procedure.

Read all about it: HERE

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Is it the one, or the other? Actually it is both

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Great research solving the problem of where Dyscalculia stems from. Is it a problem with non symbolic representation or with access to these representations? Well, spoiler alert, it is both.

Read all about it: HERE

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The approach from Finland

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

As part of her doctorate, Lopez-Pedersen is working on a research project where she and colleagues have created and coordinated supplementary measures for first-graders who have problems with mathematics. Lopez-Pedersen says it’s critical to start as early as possible with children who need help with maths skills.

“A number of studies show that children with low maths skills continue to struggle and never catch up. We also know when it’s most effective to help these kids: Students develop their math skills a lot during the early school years, which is something we also see in reading research,” she says.

Read all about it: HERE

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More proof that the wiring is all wrong

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

In new research children with dyscalculia showed hyperconnectivity in parietal, frontal, visual, and temporal regions before the training controlling for age and IQ. Hyperconnectivity disappeared after training, whereas math abilities improved.

Read all about it: HERE

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The Mental Number Line

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Humans describe and think numbers as increasingly oriented from left to right along a mental number line (MNL), where small numbers are located on the left and large numbers on the right side of space. The first scientific demonstration of this spatial representation of number has been reported more than 100 years later, when Dehaene et al. (1993) discovered that humans respond faster to smaller numbers on the left space and to larger numbers on the right space; the Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effect.

Read all about it: HERE

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Math Anxiety

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Many children show negative emotions related to mathematics and some even develop mathematics anxiety. The present study focused on the relation between negative emotions and arithmetical performance in children with and without developmental dyscalculia (DD) using an affective priming task.

Read all about it: HERE

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twice-exceptional

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

The concept of gifted students who also have learning disabilities (G/LD students), also referred to as “twice-exceptional” students, has become widely accepted, however only a very small number (~5%) of articles on this subject use empirical data. Much is written about this population based on very little empirical evidence and there is not yet much consensus on how to define and identify these students. The research in the link for today also summarizes a literature overview and draws conclusions.

Read all about it: HERE

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Missing out

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

We are not at the conference from the Mathematical Cognition and Learning Society, but we are sure missing out. So we follow the twitter feed for some news and updates and saw this wonderful poster presentation floating by.

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Yes you can retrain the brain

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Many aspects of the brain can be altered as the brain is neuroplastic. “This means that the brain can change throughout an individual’s life and with the right stimuli, it can be trained to become more efficient in spite of any brain disorders or labels that one may have been born with.”

 

Read all about it: HERE

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Guidance on teaching Math

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

The Education Endowment Foundation has published guidelines for primary and secondary teachers on how to boost math skills with children. They make the following observations:

  • Pupils should master basic mental arithmetic – addition, subtraction, multiplications and division – and be able to recall their times tables quickly. Those who don’t may well have difficulty with more challenging maths later in school.

  • Pupils sometimes think “multiplication makes bigger, division makes smaller”. This is accurate with numbers greater than 1, but isn’t right when applied to numbers less than 1. So, 5 x 5 =25 but 0.5 x 0.5 = 0.25.

  • Learning how to add fractions together can often cause difficulty. For example, many think the answer to 1/8 + ½ is 2/10. Teachers can help pupils to understand that the right answer is 5/8 using diagrams which help to visualise the different values of fractions.

Read all about it: HERE

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Computer-assisted Neurocognitive rehabilitation not that effective?

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Intering results that will need some follow up:

The results of covariance analysis showed that cognitive rehabilitation interventions did not lead to a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in inhibitory, omission, commission and reaction time scores

Read all about it: HERE

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Brain activity of dyslectic and dyscalculic students more similar than we thought

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

Here are the highlights of this new study:

 

  • fMRI was used to investigate the neural correlates of arithmetic in children with dyslexia, dyscalculia, comorbid dyslexia/dyscalculia and controls.
  • Univariate and multivariate analyses pointed towards substantial neural similarity between children with learning disorders
  • Despite behavioral differences, brain activity profiles of children with learning disorders in the context of arithmetic appear to be more similar than initially thought

 

Read all about it: HERE

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No Evidence for Systematic White Matter Correlates of Dyslexia and Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia: News from the web:

A very interesting study has been completed. They compared people with dyslexia, dyscalculia, both and neither. They focused on the corona radiata and the arcuate fasciculus, two tracts associated with reading and mathematics in a number of previous studies. Using Bayesian hypothesis testing, they showed that the data showed no differences between groups for these particular tracts, a finding that seems to go against the current view in other studies.
This outcome, if confirmed, suggest that structural differences associated with dyslexia and dyscalculia might not be as reliable as previously thought, and this may have some impact on how we approach remediation.

Read all about it: HERE

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