Students with an abacus course demonstrated better performance in arithmetic computation and spatial short-term memory after controlling for age, gender, grade, and other basic cognitive abilities. The results suggest that the abacus course could be an effective tool for DD intervention in natural education settings.
Therapy for children with special needs can start as early as five months of age, as brain development happens at a faster pace during the first five years of life. Therefore, if the doctors are able to identify the developmental symptoms early and can intervene at an early stage, then the chances of success for the child are higher.
We are looking at a report by Ann Dowker from the University of Oxford and she makes great observations about the What Works for Children with Mathematical Difficulties?
Arithmetic is not a single entity, but is made up of many components. These include knowledge of arithmetical facts; ability to carry out arithmetical procedures; understanding and using arithmetical principles such as commutativity and associativity; estimation; knowledge of mathematical knowledge; applying arithmetic to the solution of word problems and practical problems; etc. Experimental and educational findings with typically developing children, adults with brain damage, and children with mathematical difficulties have shown that it is possible for individuals to show marked discrepancies between almost any two possible components of arithmetic.
Interventions can take place successfully at any time. However, it is desirable that interventions should take place at an early stage, partly because mathematical difficulties can affect performance in other aspects of the curriculum, and partly to prevent the development of negative attitudes and mathematics anxiety. Crucially when planning interventions, it is important to take account of the overwhelming evidence that arithmetical ability is not unitary. It is made up of many components, ranging from knowledge of the counting sequence to estimation to solving word problems. Weaknesses in any one of them can occur relatively independently of weaknesses in the others. Thus, interventions that focus on the particular components with which an individual child has difficulty are likely to be most effective.
Read the wonderful example in this post from Tony Attwood about how to explain fractions to someone with dyscalculia by doing a little physical exercise. Something they can touch and see. It works better for them this way and brings the true understanding they need in order to be able to relate to the concept later.
The White Rose Maths (yes from the UK hence mathS) provides us with a great set of home learning videos for primary school. Wonderfully done and although not specific for Dyscalculia, certainly very helpful for your work and as a reteach of what they have done in school.
The numberdyslexia blog shares with us today a great article about “gamified manipulatives” for first graders. As we always say “games are the new worksheets” this is a great resource and they even put buttons on where to buy them.
Children face learning difficulties in reading (Dyslexia), difficulties in the language (Dysgraphia), difficulties in Math and calculations (Dyscalculia), difficulty in fine motor skills (Dyspraxia), difficulty in interpreting sound (Auditory Processing Disorder) and difficulty in understanding visual information (Visual Processing Disorder). Research suggests that a learning disability may occur due to genetic causes, neurological challenges, premature birth, poor nutrition or environmental factors. It is also important to note that these children have an average to a high IQ and therefore are not disabled, but just face difficulty with learning. Also, a learning disability cannot be cured completely. However, there are strategies that one can use to cope with.
BWEducation gives us 12 ways to overcome these challenges in our link for today
The high school science teacher turns his students into ‘electrons’ and gets them to walk along a prescribed route in the classroom, reinforcing concepts associated with circuit diagrams and electricity. The primary school mathematics teacher gets her students to make funny shapes with their bodies that represent the numbers 0 – 9, creating a fun way to tackle mental arithmetic problems. The ICT teacher creates a variety of ‘human graphs’, getting students to line up in columns based on their chosen answers to assigned questions.
What do all of these examples have in common?: The students are using movement to solve problems and, in doing so, are engaging multiple regions of the brain.
Even before the current pandemic started, this research was done to see if children with Dyscalculia who are being taught by teachers with the use of technology learned better than the ones who were being taught traditionally.
It is probably also dependent on what technology and they used the Geogebra software package here, but the outcome shows that it would be wise to embrace technology when working with children who have dyscalculia.
Parents, Teachers and Tutors together with the students are the four legs that math support rests on.
Certainly students with dyscalculia need the extra support from Tutors and Parents and in uor link for today some ideas on what Parents can do together with the teacher to keep the math learning on track
To support these efforts we have organized a major reduction on the price of our “Moms Teach Math” video series, that is meant for parents trying to help their children at home with the math homework. Take advantage of this offer, click the picture.
Students with dyscalculia can benefit greatly from graphic organizers to help them solve their math problems. The Understood organization has some nice downloads and we link to them in our link for today.
You want to reward your students for something they control, like completing their task, not for something that would not be under their control, like “being smart”, which would make them afraid to say something as it may turn out that they may no longer be smart.
Students with an abacus course demonstrated better performance in arithmetic computation and spatial short‐term memory after controlling for age, gender, grade, and other basic cognitive abilities. The results suggest that the abacus course could be an effective tool for DD intervention in natural education settings.
Visual and hands on models are the best to teach something as complicated as division to children with Dyscalculia, as you can see in the example we borrowed from the instagram post from Keri F Richburg.
Signs of dyscalculia are not always easy to spot. Keep in mind that all kids have trouble with maths from time to time. But children with dyscalculia struggle a lot more than other children the same age. Dyscalculia is not the same as math anxiety because the latter involves strong emotions around Math.
The Eblity blog gives a great overview of the signs of Dyscalculia and the accommodations possible in class
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